Our b & b is near St John Lateran, the cathedral of Rome. The Archbasilica SS.mo of the Savior and of Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist, commonly called St. John Lateran, located in the vicinity of Mount Celio.
It was built in the fourth century AD Celio hill and destroyed in 1308 by two fires in 1360 and is located in the square. Until 1870, the popes were crowned here, and the nearby latareano palace was the official residence until 1309, the year of the transfer to Avignon. Of this building remain intact the Scala Santa, which tradition says was composed of 28 steps paths Cristgo to go to Pilate (the climb to his knees as a sign of penance) and the Sancta Sanctorum, one of the holiest sites of Christianity, because there is an image of Christ acheropita, ie not made by human hands.
A few years before the Jubilee of 1650, Pope Innocent X Pamphili Francesco Borromini relies on the task of restoring the Lateran basilica, which was in a precarious state of conservation. The general appearance of the church dates back to the fourteenth century makeover, with important work carried out between the half of the 500 and 1605: the gilded wooden ceiling frescoes in the nave and the transept. Borromini creates a space solemn and harmonious, the most balanced of his restless and confrontational architecture.
In the eighteenth century, continuing the work that gives priority to the completion of the external image, was finally completed the facade of the Basilica with the new report by Alessandro Galilei (who also designed the Corsini Chapel in the Basilica), completed a few years before the Jubilee of 1750. interior of the Basilica are placed in niches Borromini statues of the 12 apostles.